Alternatives to Notebook PEAs of Peafactory
Actually you can use each file encryption program to encrypt text files, but there is one advantage of
editors using encryption: The plaintext must never be stored on the disk.
Self-decrypting archives or browser-based editors can hold the plaintext in memory and display it without storing unencrypted data.
The advantage of the Notebook PEA compared to other programs is mainly the platform independence and the more robust key derivation functions. But perhaps other properties are more important for you. Here is a list of other programs to display and encrypt texts.
I will introduce only open source programs. This is not only because I don't want to make any advertisements for commercial products, but also due to the fact that closed source security software is not very trustworthy. There is no chance to check for bugs, backdoors, weak cryptography...
NPPCrypt is a plugin for the editor Notepad++ for Windows, which allows the encryption of data using a password.
It is a bit hard to find informations about NPPCrypt. Even on the homepage of the authors I could not find much. But at least I found the source code and the binaries as downloads.
NPPCrypt uses ciphers and other stuff from openSSL. There are many ciphers, modes and hash functions to choose from.
And NPPCrypt also offers Bcrypt and Scrypt along with PBKDF2 as key derivation functions... Wow!
Notepad ++ is undoubtedly the editor with the most features here and NPPCrypt seems to be the encryption tool with the best cryptographic options.
Scrypt is offered with the default parameters of the scrypt paper from 2010 (N=2^14, r=8, p=1). The r-parameter should be increased now, but this can be done in the setting. The default parameter for Bcrypt is 8 (2^8 iterations) - the recommendation is from 1999... This should be increased too, but this can be also done in the setting.
There are some minor drawbacks. I can't see any reason to offer weak ciphers like DES or RC2 and a weak mode of operation like ECB. Authenticated modes refer only to AES as cipher. And of course: Notepad++ is Windows-only... Besides these little objections NPPCrypt was a very positive surprise.
Main Page: CryptoTE
Source code: GitHub
For Windows and Linux, there are also repos for Debian, openSuse, Fedora, Gentoo and Ubuntu.
CryptoTE uses Serpent (256 keybits) in CBC mode for encryption. Key derivation is done by PBKDF2 with HMAC(SHA256). I haven't found the number of iterations, it might be 1000, but there is no possibility to increase it.
CryptoTE uses Botan-1.6.4. as crypto library. Botan also offers authenticated encryption modes like EAX, which I would prefer over CBC mode, and the password hashing scheme Bcrypt, which I would prefer over PBKDF2.
Clear and handy program with many features.
This is the best documented and supported program here.
Because Laverna runs in a browser, it is not platform dependent.
There is a homepage of the project and the source can be found at GitHub.
Laverna uses the SJCL library with PBKDF2 (n the new version 10000 iterations as default) to derive the key
and AES in an authenticated-encryption mode. Parameters like the number of iterations can be
modified in Laverna.
Of cource, Scrypt or even Bcrypt would be a better choice than PBKDF2.
At their GitHub site the authors announce to consider Laverna like an open source alternative to Evernote. In terms of security Laverna seems to me much better than the commercial Evernote, which has performed the encryption before 2014 with the weak RC2 (now it uses for new notes AES in CBC mode without any authentication).
Source code: GitHub
PryNotes is a web based note application. The data can be accessed via the web.
PryNotes bases on AES in CBC mode using the Keyczar toolkit. The key derivation is performed by repeatedly hashing the password hash along with a salt (1000 iterations). This is not a standardized key derivation function, but better than just hashing the password.
def secret_encrypt(phrase, text, base64=False): try: text = text.encode('utf8', errors='ignore') except: pass salt = os.urandom(SALT_LENGTH) iv = os.urandom(BLOCK_SIZE) paddingLength = 16 - (len(text) % 16) paddedPlaintext = text+chr(paddingLength)*paddingLength derivedKey = phrase.encode('utf8', errors='ignore') for i in range(0,DERIVATION_ROUNDS): derivedKey = hashlib.sha256(derivedKey+salt).digest() derivedKey = derivedKey[:KEY_SIZE] cipherSpec = AES.new(derivedKey, MODE, iv) ciphertext = cipherSpec.encrypt(paddedPlaintext) ciphertext = ciphertext + iv + salt if base64: return base64.b64encode(ciphertext) else: return encrypt_it(ciphertext.encode("hex"))
SafePad is an encrypted editor written in C# for Windows.
SafePad includes a nice password generator, an onscreen keyboard to avoid keyloggers and a password strength meter to indicate the strength of a password.
Bcrypt is used as key derivation function (since version 1.2 ) and AES as cipher.
A single password is pre-hashed with SHA-256, then hashed with Bcrypt. This is an commonly used combination since Bcrypt limits the password length.
Two (non-serious) objections:
As far as I can see, the number of Bcrypt rounds is the recommanded value of 1999, which should be increased and AES is used in CBC mode that does not provide integrity.
You can use optionally two passwords. Two passwords are concatenated and hashed with Bcrypt. Although I see no advantage against the use of passphrases consisting of two words, this is not a security objection.
Downloads, source code and more informations can be found at SafePad on CodePlex
There is a Windows client since 2014 (beta stage) for the Android app CrocodileNote.
CrocodileNote uses AES-256 for encryption and PBKDF2 as key derivation function. Download can be found at Groomiac News, source code at GitHub.
Applications with simple hash instead of a key derivation function
Steganos LockNote is a "self-modifying encrypted notepad" for Windows.
The source code can be found at Sourceforge .
Unfortunately, the linked homepage contains only references to commercial products, instead of information about LockNotes. But there is also the locknote site of Steganos, which announces:
Hide your serial numbers, passwords, phone numbers and everyday notes in a safe place. Your informations will be encrypted using a password and most modern AES 256bit encryption technology."
LockNote is widely used (Steganos states 452.479 downloads), has existed for many years (since 2006) and some computer
magazines recommends it.
The last version 1.0.5 is from 2010, when I checked, it was released one month before.
LockNote is relatively small, the exe file is only 401,4 KiB.
LockNote is approved, reliable software, but it's major drawback is the weakness of the underlying cryptography.
It uses AES in CFB mode for encryption; a SHA-HMAC over cipher text is appended to encrypted messages to provide the integrity of the data. There might be better options, but I think this is o.k.
The problem is: LockNote does not use any key derivation function, neither PBKDF2 nor any other. It uses just a simple SHA256 to derive the key from the password.
SecByteBlock key(SHA256::DIGESTSIZE); SHA256().CalculateDigest(key.begin(), passphrase.begin(), passphrase.size()); SecByteBlock iv(IV_SIZE); AESPHM_GenerateIvFromSeed(ivSeed, iv.begin()); CFB_Mode<AES>::Encryption encryptor(key.begin(), key.size(), iv.begin()); // Encrypt padding and payload encryptor.ProcessString(output, paddingLen); encryptor.ProcessString(payload, input.begin(), input.size()); // Calculate MAC HMAC<SHA>(key.begin(), key.size()).CalculateDigest(digest, output, digest-output);
This is not comprehensible, because the used library Crypto++ contains at least some password based key derivation functions
like PBKDF1 und PBKDF2, although there is no Bcrypt or Scrypt. The renunciation of any key derivation function
makes it easy to perform dictionary attacks using any custom hardware like GPUs.
It is also used no salt, so even rainbow tables can be used to speed up the cracking.
Encrypted Notepad Web Site
Simple Java text editor for desktop and Android.
Encrypted Notepad uses AES in CBC mode to encrypt the text and SHA1 to derive the key.
fSekrit is still Freeware and not Open Source, but the author claims, it maybe one day open. There is still no possibility to have a look inside the code, but the readme file explains, fSekrit uses AES in CBC mode for encryption and SHA256 to derive the key. So, it seems quite the same problem as for LockNote.